Study these sentences
ï A fight breaks out between two monkeys.
ï Film songs blare out from the radios.
ï I wash it down with Coca-Cola.
The italicised verbs are in the simple present tense. The writer is here describing what he saw and heard but he uses the present tense instead of the past tense. A narration or a story can be made more dramatic or immediate by using the present tense in this way.
Now look at the following sentences.
ï A small shrine half protrudes from the stone platform on the riverbank.
ï Small shops stand on the outer edge of the Stupa.
We use the simple present tense to speak about what is usually or generally true. The sentences above describe facts.
We also use the simple present tense in sentences depicting ‘universal truths’.
ï The sun rises in the east.
ï The earth revolves round the sun.
We can also refer to habitual actions using the simple present tense.
ï He usually takes a train instead of a bus to work.
ï We often get fine drizzles in winter.
In these sentences words like everyday, often, seldom, never, every month, generally, usually, etc. may be used.
1. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in brackets.
(i) The heart is a pump that….. (send) the blood circulating through our body. The pumping action …….(take place) when the left ventricle of the heart (contract). This (force) the blood out into the arteries, which (expand) to receive the oncoming blood.
ii. The African lungfish can live without water for up to four years. During a drought it (dig) a pit and (enclose)itself in a capsule of slime and earth, leaving a tiny opening for air. The capsule (dry) and (harden), but when rain (come), the mud (dissolve) and the lungfish (swim) away.
III. MAHESH : We have to organise a class party for our teacher. (Do) anyone play an instrument?
VIPUL : Rohit(play) the flute.
MAHESH :(Do) he also act?
VIPUL : No, he (compose) music.
MAHESH : That’s wonderful!
Qu. choose the correct word from the pairs given in brackets.
1. The (site, cite) of the accident was (ghastly/ghostly).
2. Our college (principle/principal) is very strict.
3. I studied (continuously/continually) for eight hours.
4. The fog had an adverse (affect/effect) on the traffic.
5. Cezanne, the famous French painter, was a brilliant (artist/artiste).
6. The book that you gave me yesterday is an extraordinary (collage/college) of science fiction and mystery.
7. Our school will (host/hoist) an exhibition on cruelty to animals and wildlife conservation.
8. Screw the lid tightly onto the top of the bottle and (shake/shape) well before using the contents.