Relative Clause


Last Updated : 17-04-2024 00:12:45
Share this :

Look at these sentences

(a) All morning Lencho — who knew his fields intimately — looked at the sky.

(b) The woman, who was preparing supper, replied, “Yes, God willing.’’

The italicised parts of the sentences give us more information about Lencho and the woman. We call them relative clauses. Notice that they begin with a relative pronoun who. Other common relative pronouns are whom, whose, and which.

The relative clauses in (a) and (b) above are called non-defining, because we already know the identity of the person they describe. Lencho is a particular person, and there is a particular woman he speaks to. We don’t need the information in the relative clause to pick these people out from a larger set. A non-defining relative clause usually has a comma in front of it and a comma after it (some writers use a dash (—) instead, as in the story).

If the relative clause comes at the end, we just put a full stop.

Qu. Join the sentences given below using who, whom, whose, which, as suggested.

1. I often go to Mumbai. Mumbai is the commercial capital of India. (which)

2. My mother is going to host a TV show on cooking. She cooks very well. (who)

3. These sportspersons are going to meet the President. Their performance has been excellent. (whose)

4. Lencho prayed to God. His eyes see into our minds. (whose)

5. This man cheated me. I trusted him. (whom)

Sometimes the relative pronoun in a relative clause remains ‘hidden’. For example, look at the first sentence :

(a) The house — the only one in the entire valley — sat on the crest of a low hill.

We can rewrite this sentence as: (b) The house — which was the only one in the entire valley — sat on the crest of a low hill. In (a), the relative pronoun which and the verb was are not present.

Look at these sentences

(a) She sat in the corner of the room where the rough boys who did not make good marks sat, the corner of the room where there was most scuffling of feet, …

(b) The time when they thought about Wanda was outside of school hours …

These  clauses help us to identify a set of boys, a place, and a time. They are answers to the questions ‘What kind of rough boys?’ ‘Which corner did she sit in?’ and ‘What particular time outside of school hours?’ They are ‘defining’ or ‘restrictive’ relative clauses.

Combine the following to make sentences like those above.

1. This is the bus (what kind of bus?). It goes to Agra. (use which or that)

2. I would like to buy (a) shirt (which shirt?). (The) shirt is in the shop window. (use which or that)

3. You must break your fast at a particular time (when?). You see the moon in the sky. (use when)

4. Find a word (what kind of word?). It begins with the letter Z. (use which or that)

5. Now find a person (what kind of person). His or her name begins with the letter Z. (use whose) 71

6. Then go to a place (what place?). There are no people whose name begins with Z in that place. (use where)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Online Test Series for Students

Each Test

Rs. 100
Solve Online Test At Moreques Authorized Exam Center

Each Test

Rs. 50
Solve Online Test on Own PC/Laptop/Mobile

UPSC Exams | Union Public Services Commission Examinations


Last Updated : 17-04-2024 00:12:45
Share this :

Civil Services Examination (IAS,IPS,IFS,IRS)

UPSC Civil Services Pre Examination 2016 Notification

last date to apply : 27 May 2016

Preliminary Exam : 07 Aug 2016

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam

UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam

General Studies GS 1 Study Material

General Studies GS 2 Study Material

General Studies GS 3 Study Material

General Studies GS 4 Study Material

Optional Subject

History

UPSC Mains History Optional Paper 1 Syllabus

UPSC Mains History optional Paper 2 Syllabus

Optional Subject :

History

UPSC Previous Year Question Papers Download FREE for Prelims and Mains Exam

Indian Forest Service examination

Engineering Services Examination

Combined Defence Services Examination

National Defence Academy Examination And Naval Academy Examination

Combined Medical Services Examination

Special Class Railway Apprentice

Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service Examination

Combined Geoscientist and Geologist Examination

Central Armed Police Forces(Assistant Commandant) Examination

State PSC Exams | State Public Services Commission Examinations


Last Updated : 17-04-2024 00:12:45
Share this :

  1. Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission ( APSPSC )

    Group I

    Syllabus

    Study Notes

    Group II

    Syllabus

    Study Notes

    Group III

    Syllabus

    Study Notes

    Group IV

    Syllabus

    Study Notes

  2. Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission ( APPSC )

    District Statistics Officer/ Research Officer

    Steno Grade III

    Finance & Accounts Officer / Treasury Officer (FAO/TO)

  3. Assam Public Service Commission ( APSC )
  4. Bihar Public Service Commission ( BPSC )
  5. Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission ( CGPSC )
  6. Goa Public Service Commission ( GoaPSC )
  7. Gujarat Public Service Commission ( GPSC )
  8. Haryana Public Service Commission ( HPSC )
  9. Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission ( HPPSC )
  10. Jammu & Kashmir Public Service Commission ( JKPSC )
  11. Jharkhand Public Service Commission ( JPSC )
  12. Karnataka Public Service Commission ( KPSC )
  13. Kerala Public Service Commission ( KeralaPSC )
  14. Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission ( MPPSC )
  15. Maharashtra Public Service Commission ( MPSC )

    State Services Examination


    PSI/ STI/Assistant

  16. Manipur Public Service Commission ( ManipurPSC )
  17. Meghalaya Public Service Commission ( MeghalayaPSC )
  18. Mizoram Public Service Commission ( MizoramPSC )
  19. Nagaland Public Service Commission ( NPSC )
  20. Odisha Public Service Commission ( OPSC )
  21. Punjab Public Service Commission ( PPSC )
  22. Rajasthan Public Service Commission ( RPSC )
  23. Sikkim Public Service Commission ( SPSC )
  24. Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission ( TNPSC )
  25. Telangana state Public Service Commission ( TSPSC )
  26. Tripura Public Service Commission ( TPSC )
  27. Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission ( UPPSC )
  28. Uttarakhand Public Service Commission ( UKPSC )
  29. West Bengal Public Service Commission ( WBPSC )

IBPS | Banking & Insurance Exam | Banking & Insurance Examinations


Last Updated : 17-04-2024 00:12:45
Share this :

Reserves Bank of India ( RBI )

Grade A & B Exams

State Bank of India ( SBI )

Probationary Officer ( PO) Exam

Junior Associate Exam

Nationalised Banks Probationary Officers

IBPS PO Exam

Bank Clerk

Bank Clerical Exams

National Bank for Agricultural & Rural Development ( NABARD )

Assistant Development Officer Grade A exam

Development Officer Grade B exam

LIC & GIC

LIC Assistant/ Steno/Typist Exam

LIC Development Officer Exam

LIC Officers Exam

GIC Assistant Exam

GIC Officers Exam

Institute Login




Register Your Institute

MoreQues for Institutes | Features

MoreQues

Create Course

MoreQues

Add students

MoreQues

Create New Tests

MoreQues

Solving Tests

MoreQues

Test Result

MoreQues

Test Rank

MoreQues

Payments Details

MoreQues

Time Table

MoreQues

Attendance

MoreQues

And Much More

Pricing

Sign Up FREE

Rs. 0
with Ads

Remove Ads

Rs. 4,000
Per Year

Remove Ads + Notification

Rs 6,000
Per Year

Customize Portal

Rs 10,000
Starting from Rs 10,000

Don't have Computer System for Online Test?

No Problem. We also provide Computer System for online test at our Test Centres. Please get in touch with us for more information. Write us at [email protected] or call us at +91-8390111719

MoreQues | How To Use it

Exam Center Login




Register as Exam Center

MoreQues for Internate Cafe | Become Authorized Exam Center

MoreQues

Add student

MoreQues

Assign Test

MoreQues

Manage Payment

Registration

Rs. 1000
Become Authorized Exam Center

Earnning

Rs. 50
for Each Test Solved at Centre

Find Coaching Classes in your City


keyboard_arrow_up